Promoting Health Among Teens! (Comprehensive)
Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
A 12-hour pregnancy prevention program to reduce risky sexual behavior for African American teens through various types of sex education, including HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STI) and pregnancy prevention, safer sex, and abstinence education.
- Sexual Risk Behaviors
- Cognitive-Behavioral Training
- Skills Training
- Community (e.g., religious, recreation)
Continuum of Intervention
- Universal Prevention (Entire Population)
- Early Adolescence (12-14) - Middle School
- Male and Female
- African American
- : Promising
Program Information Contact
- John B. Jemmott III
- University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine
Brief Description of the Program
The program is a 12-hour HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STI) and pregnancy-prevention intervention for African American teens that offers optional booster sessions and one-on-one meetings for up to two years following program completion. It aims to increase knowledge of HIV and STIs, strengthen behavioral beliefs supporting abstinence, strengthen behavioral beliefs supporting condom use, increase skills to negotiate abstinence, and increase skills to use condoms and negotiate condom use among 6th and 7th grade students.
See: Full Description
Across the study period (Jemmott et al., 2010), compared to the control group, participants in the 12-hour comprehensive treatment group were significantly less likely to:
- report having multiple sexual partners in the last three months
Jemmott et al. (2010) included only African American students and did not disaggregate results by gender.
Risk and Protective Factors
- Individual: Problem solving skills, Refusal skills
Training and Technical Assistance
For information about ETR’s distributive learning process please see: http://www.etr.org/ebi/training-ta/professional-learning-services/
Training is two days. Participants are required to have the basic set materials for the program. The PHAT-COMP cost per participant is $1,654 ($975 for training + $679 for facilitator guide and initial set of student workbooks). These costs do not include participant travel or lodging (if they come to a scheduled regional training). If an ETR trainer comes to the site for the training, the agency will need to pay trainer travel and lodging expenses.
All ETR trainings include the research based elements of pre-assessment, pre-work, skills development (including practice in facilitating specific curriculum elements), and follow-up support.
More information can also be found at: http://www.etr.org/solutions/professional-development/
Training Certification Process
ETR offers Training of Trainers sessions for seasoned program facilitators that will qualify them to train other educators in delivery of the program. Regional TOT sessions, in which participants provide their own transportation costs, average $2500 per participant.
Brief Evaluation Methodology
The study (Jemmott et al., 2010) randomly assigned 662 African American 6th and 7th grade students recruited from 4 public middle schools in a northeastern US city. Participants randomly assigned to the 12-hour version of a comprehensive intervention including abstinence and safer sex (treatment group) were compared to participants randomly assigned to 8-hour abstinence only, 8-hour safer sex only (focusing on condom use), 8-hour version of the comprehensive intervention, and an 8-hour health promotion control group focusing on health behaviors unrelated to sexual contact. In addition, students in each intervention were randomly assigned to a maintenance program. The primary measure was a self-report of sexual contact, and secondary measures addressed other sexual behaviors such as multiple partners, unprotected intercourse, and consistent condom use. Participants completed pretest, posttest, and 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up questionnaires.
Jemmott, J. B., Jemmott, L. S., & Fong, G. T. (2010). Efficacy of a theory-based abstinence-only intervention over 24 months: A randomized controlled trial with young adolescents. Archive of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 164, 152-159.