Triple P System
Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
A public health approach to reach all parents in a community to enhance parental competence and prevent or alter dysfunctional parenting practices, thereby reducing family risk factors both for child maltreatment and for children's behavioral and emotional problems.
Given the complexity of Triple P, with its diverse approaches and interventions, it should not be surprising that many funding approaches have been used to fund various components. These will be introduced without attempting to tie each to a specific component of Triple P.
Improving the Use of Existing Public Funds
When parenting programs are already in use and they do not have a strong evidence base, Triple P should be considered as a proven alternative that could be funded with a re-direction of existing funds.
Allocating State or Local General Funds
State and local funding has been used to support many components of Triple P. It has been funded by local school districts when used in schools, by the health sector when offered in hospitals and primary care clinics, by social services in the family resource center arena and by mental health funding for community mental health clinics. It is thus important to approach Triple P funding with a willingness to explore options broadly. In addition, state and local funds have provided matches required for federal entitlement programs.
Maximizing Federal Funds
Entitlements: Triple P has been funded with both Medicaid and Title IV-E dollars. Medicaid is used to fund Triple P when offered as either a health or a mental health service. Title IV-E has been used to obtain reimbursement for training costs related to components of Triple P that address child abuse issues through parent education.
Formula Funds: Title I grants to school systems have been used to train teachers and counselors in Triple P. TANF and Title IV-B social services funding can be used for training and interventions through parenting programs.
Discretionary Grants: Discretionary grants from the federal government can be sought from a wide array of federal agencies, including the Departments of Education, the Centers for Disease Control, National Institutes of Health, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the WIC Program. Again, a wide-ranging review of federal grant opportunities will be important for sites considering Triple P.
Foundation Grants and Public-Private Partnerships
Many foundations and United Ways support Triple P. With the many different targets of the Triple P intervention, interest can be garnered from a variety of foundations, especially those with priorities including child abuse, health and mental health care and parenting education. An Opportunity Compact can be considered when Triple P is being employed as an alternative to undesirable, expensive programs such a foster care.
Debt financing should be considered as a source of funding for initial implementation of Triple P. This is particularly true when the program targets a population at risk of an expensive remedial intervention in the absence of Triple P. An example of this is the use of Triple P as child abuse prevention that could prevent the removal of children from their parents for placement in foster care.
Generating New Revenue
New revenue can be useful for both start-up costs and sustaining Triple P, particularly when the intervention desired does not have an already existing funding source. A range of approaches can be considered, from fund raising efforts to sin taxes to tax form check-offs and children’s trust funds. Again, an openness to exploring new options for realizing new revenue should be brought to the effort.
All information comes from the responses to a questionnaire submitted by the purveyor, Triple P America, to the Annie E. Casey Foundation and Blueprints.