Communities That Care
Blueprints Program Rating: Promising
A prevention system designed to reduce levels of adolescent delinquency and substance use through the selection and use of effective preventive interventions tailored to a community's specific profile of risk and protection.
The costs of the CTC model described above are costs associated with organizing and facilitating a community prevention coalition, and gathering, analyzing and using assessment data. They do not include the costs of implementing selected programs to address risk and protective factors. The funding streams typically used to support CTC are federal, state, and local funding streams dedicated to prevention initiatives that have a portion of dollars available for technical assistance, training and research.
Allocating State or Local General Funds
Some states have allocated general funds to establish dedicated funding for prevention programs or put in place changes to budget structures, such as legislative set- asides requiring a certain portion of state agency budgets to be dedicated to evidence-based programs and/or prevention programs. States that are administering prevention funds to local communities may be willing to invest in CTC training to support those communities in making effective use of prevention dollars. In addition, many states have invested some portion of their tobacco settlement funds in substance abuse prevention programs.
Local school districts and schools, public health departments, and cities can provide critical in-kind resources to support administration of the assessment, analysis of the data, and organizing community coalitions.
Maximizing Federal Funds
- The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program is administered from the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development to localities to support community economic development. Fifteen percent of these funds can be used to support a wide range of public services. Cities fund a variety of prevention and social service programs with these dollars. It is a funding source well-aligned with CTC due to its emphasis on community engagement and development.
- The Title V Maternal and Child Health Block Grant funds public health activities aimed at supporting healthy pregnancy and early childhood. Title V funds typically support state and local public health activities, with an emphasis on supporting the infrastructure needed to support good health outcomes for pregnant women, infants, and children. Partnership with public health offices could lead to support for administration of assessments or coalition-building activities in CTC.
- OJJDP Formula Grant Funds support a variety of improvements to delinquency prevention programs and juvenile justice programs in states. Evidence-based programs are an explicit priority for these funds, which are typically administered on a competitive basis from the state administering agency to community-based programs. Accessing these funds to support CTC activities would require outreach to the state administering agency.
- The Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Community Mental Health Services Block Grants (SABG & MHBG), both of which are administered by SAMHSA, can fund a variety of substance abuse and mental health prevention and intervention activities. Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, SAMHSA is placing increasing emphasis on supporting prevention efforts with these funds and coordinating activities supported by the two block grants. State administering agencies are required to invest 20 percent of their block grants in primary substance abuse prevention activities. State administering agencies could invest in CTC training and assessment tools to help to inform the development of community level priorities for prevention.
Discretionary Grants: There are relevant federal discretionary grants administered by federal agencies including the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the Health Resources Service Administration (HRSA), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Foundation Grants and Public-Private Partnerships
Foundation grants can be an important potential source of support for CTC. Community foundations, United Way, and other local funders may be interested in supporting administration and analysis of assessments to help inform their own grant making. They also may appreciate the potential for CTC to influence the investment of public dollars.
All information comes from the Social Development Research Group, University of Washington, and Kuklinski, M.R., Briney, J.S., Hawkins, J.D., and Catalano, R.F. (in press). Cost-benefit analysis of Communities That Care outcomes at eighth grade. Prevention Science.