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Programs That Have Not Met Blueprints Criteria

More than 90 percent of interventions we review do not receive Blueprints certification. Supported through funding from Arnold Ventures, Blueprints has extended its classification system to provide an evidence rating for interventions that fail to meet Blueprints certification standards. In providing descriptive information on common problems that disqualify interventions from Blueprints certification, we hope to offer concrete ways moving forward that will improve the methods and analyses employed in future program evaluation efforts.

In addition to rating the certified interventions that meet Blueprints criteria, non-certified interventions are also now rated based on whether they are ineffective, harmful, or lack strong evidence. Interventions lacking strong supportive evidence are generally reviewed and rated internally by Blueprints staff, though the advisory board may also conclude an intervention they have reviewed lacked sufficient evidence for certification despite having made it through the internal review process. The rating for non-certified interventions is on a continuum, from having no credible evaluations to having some non-experimental evidence, to having limited experimental evidence, to having very strong experimental evidence. Individual studies are rated on the continuum and the program receives the rating of the study with the highest level of evidence. All programs in our database are provided a rating based on specific review rationale.

The interventions that have been reviewed and rated as lacking strong evidence are as follows:

1412 Programs
Program Rating Brief Description
Zippy’s Friends Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed to increase the coping repertoire of children between the ages of 6 and 8 by providing them with strategies to handle problems and emotional events.

Zero In On Prevention Student Assistance Program (ZIP-SAP) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to reduce drug use and antisocial behavior among the secondary school population.

YouthBuild Under Review

A full-time, comprehensive program aiming to help rehabilitate youth with troubled pasts by teaching them marketable skills and supporting them in completing their education. The program also seeks to reduce participants’ rates of criminal offense.

Youth Safe Haven Insufficient Evidence

A community-based after-school program that seeks to generate positive changes in grades, attitudes, and behaviors among low-income and disadvantaged youth by partnering police officers with civilians in advocacy, mentoring, and tutoring initiatives.

Youth Matters Insufficient Evidence

A set of curricula for students in grades K-12 that use a series of age appropriate modules to reduce bullying, aggressive behavior, and victimization by emphasizing the negative consequences, improving prosocial attitudes, increasing self-efficacy, and enhancing social bonds.

Youth Fit 4 Life Inconclusive Evidence

An after-school program with the aim of reducing and preventing childhood obesity through teaching self-regulation skills, presenting nutritional information, and participating in physical activity.

Youth Experiencing Success in School (YESS) Express Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program with involvement of both teachers and parents that aims to increase the social, emotional, and behavioral functioning of young students with or at risk for developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES) Insufficient Evidence

An after-school program that engages middle school students in community change projects in order to enhance positive youth development. Specific goals include increased community involvement, self-efficacy, and prosocial behavior.

Young People’s Development Programme Insufficient Evidence

A community-based, year-round teen pregnancy prevention program that offers youth development activities, sexuality education, substance misuse education, and referral to mental health and medical services including contraceptives.

Young Parenthood Program (YPP) Inconclusive Evidence

A community or home-based counseling program for expectant adolescent couples that is designed to improve positive parenting by supporting interpersonal skill development.

Young Adult Internship Program Under Review

A workforce development program intended to help young adults gain long-term, stable employment through an internship and other support services.

YMCA Youth Institute Insufficient Evidence

An intensive, year-round, community-based program for low-income, culturally diverse, urban high school youth. Aims include promoting readiness for higher education or career entry, improving academic achievement, stimulating interest in higher education, and ensuring that participants remain engaged in their schools and communities.

Yellow Ribbon Suicide Prevention Program Insufficient Evidence

A multifaceted program that includes school-wide assemblies, peer leadership training, teacher training, outreach and education activities, and the implementation of a hotline toward the goal of increasing help-seeking for and by suicidal youth.

Yale Child Welfare Project Insufficient Evidence

A multipronged program for infants and their families that includes home visitation, pediatric care, daycare, and psychological services with the goal of supporting effective family functioning in high risk families. The program aims to impact child behavioral and psychological outcomes and family socioeconomics, among others.

Xtreme Reading Inconclusive Evidence

A classroom-based program for struggling adolescent readers that aims to bring their reading skills up to proficiency.

X:IT Inconclusive Evidence

A year-long school-based program with a social influence approach that aims to reduce adolescent smoking through environmental, parental, and educational components.

Wraparound Services Model – Milwaukee, Wisconsin Insufficient Evidence

A multipronged program to provide effective treatment and reduce out-of-home care for emotionally disturbed and delinquent youth with experience in the juvenile justice system. The program aims to reduce serious emotional, mental health and behavioral issues in this population.

Wraparound Services Model – Columbus, Ohio Insufficient Evidence

A wraparound services program for youth with complex needs and their families that aims to reduce subsequent arrests, school absences, school expulsion or suspension, running away from home, detention by police, and assaultive behaviors.

World of Words (WOW) Insufficient Evidence

A preschool program that aims to improve the word knowledge and conceptual development of preschool children through the use of taxonomic categorization and embedded multimedia. Lessons use video, audio, and pictures to extend students’ use of new vocabulary to describe things, solve problems, and draw generalizations and inferences.

Working to Insure and Nurture Girls’ Success (WINGS) Insufficient Evidence

A program consisting of home visitation and center-based services that aims to reduce the number of adolescent girls entering or continuing in the juvenile justice system. The program supports and empowers them and their families to access and receive appropriate services.

Work Release (Adult Practice) Under Review

This is a transitional intervention to reduce post-release recidivism by allowing offenders to hold regular jobs in the community during the last few months of incarceration

Word Generation Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention for middle school students that aims to improve academic vocabulary knowledge and use.

Woodrock Youth Development Project Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program to reduce the incidence of drug abuse among at-risk elementary and middle-school minority youth; raise awareness about the dangers of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use (ATOD); promote healthy attitudes regarding resistance to ATOD use; improve the quality of race relations; and improve students’ self-esteem.

Women on the Road to Health (WORTH) Inconclusive Evidence

A program for community corrections settings that combines four in-person group sessions with either face-to-face learning or computerized self-paced modules, both designed to reduce the risk of intimate partner victimization among substance using women.

Wolf Trap Arts in Education: Arts Integration Inconclusive Evidence

A professional development program for prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers that aims to improve their students’ academic and social skills through the incorporation of performing arts strategies in instruction.

Wise Guys Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program with the goal of reducing teenage pregnancy by delaying the initiation of sexual intercourse among adolescent males and increasing abstinence amongst those already sexually active.

Wisconsin Scholars Grant Under Review

A financial aid program designed for college-bound high school seniors who have yet to make their initial enrollment decisions but who seek financial assistance to help them afford college.

Wisconsin Early Intervention (WEI) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program for kindergarten and elementary students with the goal of reducing problem social behavior such as internalizing and externalizing.

Wilson Reading Inconclusive Evidence

A reading program that aims to improve the decoding and encoding skills of struggling readers from second grade through adulthood. The focus is on direct and systematic instruction of phonemic awareness, decoding and word study, sight word recognition, spelling, fluency, vocabulary, oral expressive language development, and comprehension.

Why Joints? (xkpts.com) Insufficient Evidence

A 4-session classroom-based program for adolescents that uses a variety of activities and materials to prevent youth from using marijuana.

Wells-Goodfellow (WGF) Focused Deterrence Initiative Insufficient Evidence

A police-led community initiative combining various enforcement and prevention efforts to reduce gun violence and other forms of aggression.

Wellness, Academics, & You (WAY) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based 6-month program that uses physical education and activity, nutritional guidance, and family and peer interactions to help children better understand wellness, lose weight, adopt healthy lifestyles, and improve learning.

Wellbeing Program Inconclusive Evidence

An internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy program for adults that aims to treat depression, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder both with and without agoraphobia.

Well-Being Therapy Insufficient Evidence

An 8-week school-based program to improve levels of psychological well-being among early-adolescents in areas of autonomy, personal growth, environmental mastery, purpose in life, positive relations, and self-acceptance.

Weed and Seed Insufficient Evidence

A community-based strategy to reduce violent and drug-related crime by targeting and weeding out violent offenders and drug dealers, planting seeds of change in the community, and fostering community policing.

Web ABC Inconclusive Evidence

A web-based program for Chinese American adolescents and their parents to promote healthy lifestyle choices and healthy bodies.

We Have Skills! (WHS) Insufficient Evidence

A video-based program that is implemented by elementary classroom teachers. The goal is to increase primary students’ prosocial behaviors through the teaching of social skills.

Wayne County Intensive Probation Program Insufficient Evidence

An alternative at-home sentencing option for juveniles who would otherwise be committed to correctional institutions with the goal of reducing recidivism and lowering the overall number of youth committed to incarceration by the state.

WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School) Insufficient Evidence

A 12-month school-based intervention that encourages healthy eating and physical activity to reduce childhood obesity.

Walk away, Ignore, Talk, Seek help (W.I.T.S.) Insufficient Evidence

An elementary school program to promote prosocial behaviors and reduce levels of peer victimization in schools and classrooms by creating an environment in which children learn about and use strategies for handling conflicts with peers.

Voyager Reading Programs Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program implemented by regular classroom teachers that aims to develop literacy skills and reading proficiency for early readers and struggling readers at different age levels.

VisionQuest Insufficient Evidence

A comprehensive program that uses challenging outdoor experiences and group home settings to reduce youth recidivism, both in terms of frequency and severity of criminal behavior.

Virtual Infant Parenting (VIP) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed for adolescent girls with the goal of delaying pregnancy in the teenage years and improving knowledge and awareness of preconception health issues.

Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines Insufficient Evidence

A school-based threat assessment program aiming to prevent violence, increase the use of mental health services toward conflict resolution, increase parental involvement in resolving threats, and return students who make threats to school without long-term suspension or alternative school placement.

Virginia Preschool Initiative Insufficient Evidence

An intiative to make preschool education and related services available for at-risk children who may not otherwise have access.

Violence Unseen Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based program to raise awareness and reduce the prevalence of indirect and relational aggression in elementary school children and teachers.

Violence Prevention Project Insufficient Evidence

A semester-long school-wide curriculum to reduce youth violence through a series of flexible age and context appropriate lessons.

Violence Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents Insufficient Evidence

A school or community-based curriculum to reduce youth violence by improving adolescents’ knowledge about violence while teaching effective methods to handle conflict.

Village Model of Care for Urban African American Youth Insufficient Evidence

An after school group mentoring and community outreach program that aims to reduce substance use, prevent violent behavior, delay sexual activity, and improve social skills among middle school students. The program involves both youth and their caregivers and emphasizes remedial education and an appreciation of African American cultural heritage with the aim of promoting school bonding, social skills development, and greater academic achievement.

Viewpoints Inconclusive Evidence

A juvenile corrections-based program to decrease antisocial behaviors, including aggression, by developing social and cognitive skills.

Contact

Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
University of Colorado Boulder
Institute of Behavioral Science
UCB 483, Boulder, CO 80309

Email: blueprints@colorado.edu

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Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development is
currently funded by Arnold Ventures (formerly the Laura and John Arnold Foundation) and historically has received funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.