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Programs That Have Not Met Blueprints Criteria

More than 90 percent of interventions we review do not receive Blueprints certification. Supported through funding from Arnold Ventures, Blueprints has extended its classification system to provide an evidence rating for interventions that fail to meet Blueprints certification standards. In providing descriptive information on common problems that disqualify interventions from Blueprints certification, we hope to offer concrete ways moving forward that will improve the methods and analyses employed in future program evaluation efforts.

In addition to rating the certified interventions that meet Blueprints criteria, non-certified interventions are also now rated based on whether they are ineffective, harmful, or lack strong evidence. Interventions lacking strong supportive evidence are generally reviewed and rated internally by Blueprints staff, though the advisory board may also conclude an intervention they have reviewed lacked sufficient evidence for certification despite having made it through the internal review process. The rating for non-certified interventions is on a continuum, from having no credible evaluations to having some non-experimental evidence, to having limited experimental evidence, to having very strong experimental evidence. Individual studies are rated on the continuum and the program receives the rating of the study with the highest level of evidence. All programs in our database are provided a rating based on specific review rationale.

The interventions that have been reviewed and rated as lacking strong evidence are as follows:

1434 Programs
Program Rating Brief Description
Too Good for Drugs and Violence (High School) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention intended to reduce risk factors and build protective factors against drug use and violence through educating students in social and emotional competencies.

Too Good For Drugs (Middle School) Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to reduce drug, alcohol, and tobacco use in middle school students through increasing peer resistance skills, increasing positive attitudes regarding the inappropriateness of substance use, increasing knowledge of the prevalence of peer substance use, increasing positive perceptions of peer disapproval of substance use and increasing internal locus of control/self-efficacy.

Too Good For Drugs (Elementary School) Insufficient Evidence

A comprehensive, school-based intervention to reduce drug, alcohol, and tobacco use in elementary school children through instruction on the harmful effects of drugs and skills for emotional competency, social and resistance, and goal setting and decision making.

Together Learning Choices (formerly Teens Linked to Care) Inconclusive Evidence

A series of counseling modules designed to reduce sexual and substance use risk acts, improve physical health behaviors, and improve mental health among young people living with HIV.

Timid to Tiger Insufficient Evidence

A mental health intervention designed to reduce anxiety in children.

TimeWise: Learning Lifelong Leisure Skills Insufficient Evidence

A curriculum-based intervention developed to promote personal development through healthy leisure engagement, preventing the onset of substance abuse and other unhealthy behavior among rural middle school youth.

Time to Read Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based, 1-hour per week volunteer program aiming to improve children’s reading skills with an emphasis on children discovering the enjoyment of reading and improving their reading fluency.

TIGER (Kanjertraining) Insufficient Evidence

A parent-training intervention designed to activate children’s intrinsic intention to behave prosocially and make them aware of their responsibility for their own behavior, reducing externalizing and internalizing behavior problems.

Three Strikes Laws- Analysis of impact on crime rates Insufficient Evidence

A policy intended to deter and incapacitate high-rate recidvist offenders and lower overall crime rates through targeting high-level offenders for incarceration, incarcerate repeat offenders, and reduce sentencing discretion.

Three Generation Study (Home-Based Mentoring for Pregnant Teens) Under Review

A home-based intervention aimed at preventing adolescents who have children from having further children through counseling from women with similar experiences.

Thinking for a Change Insufficient Evidence

An adult corrections-based intervention to prevent adult recidivism by helping offenders recognize their own cognitive distortions and understand the role of these distortions in criminal behavior.

Think Time Strategy Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to decrease the amount of time and number of incidents of students displaying disruptive behavior at school by increasing opportunities to have positive social interactions among teachers and fellow students.

Therapeutic Communities for Drug Use (Practice) Insufficient Evidence

A residential drug treatment program in correctional or residential community settings for treating substance-abusing and addicted offenders with the overall goal of reducing recidivism in therapeutic communities.

The Media Initiative For Children: Respecting Difference Programme Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to promote positive attitudes towards racial, religious, sociocultural, and physical differences for young children, their parents, and early years practitioners through one-minute cartoon television broadcasts.

The Gateway Insufficient Evidence

The intervention is designed to reduce sexually harmful behavior by improving psychosocial functioning and offense-related attitudes of sexual offenders in a residential facility setting.

The Arizona GeoLiteracy Program Insufficient Evidence

A school-based academic service program designed to improve reading comprehension among K-8 students.

Texting Literacy Program Insufficient Evidence

A school-based text-messaging program to engage parents in helping their children reduce summer learning loss.

Text Messaging to Reduce Absenteeism Under Review

A text-messaging program for parents that aims to reduce absenteeism among elementary school children.

Tertiary Health Research Intervention via Email (THRIVE) Inconclusive Evidence

A brief, web-based survey that aims to decrease the amount of hazardous drinking in university students through personalized feedback.

Tennessee Voluntary Pre-K Program Ineffective

A pre-K program to help disadvantaged children by giving them access to quality instruction, improving readiness for elementary school, and preventing long-term academic, social, and economic problems.

Tenmarks Insufficient Evidence

An online math intervention designed to accelerate academic achievement.

Teens and Toddlers Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based program designed to decrease teenage pregnancy by raising the aspirations and educational attainment of 13-17 year old girls at most risk of social exclusion, leaving education early, and becoming pregnant.

Teenage Health Teaching Modules (THTM) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to improve students’ health knowledge, attitudes, practices and self-reported priority health behaviors, such as cigarette smoking and the use of alcohol or other drugs.

Teen Triple P Insufficient Evidence

A parent-training intervention designed to reduce adolescent conduct problems by improving parent capacity to adapt practices to the changing needs of children.

Teen Screen Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to prevent suicide among high school students through counseling and social work.

Teen Prevention Education Program (PEP) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based intervention that aims to reduce pregnancy and STI rates in teenagers through a comprehensive sexual health program that incorporates older high school students as peer educators for groups of younger peers.

Teen Options to Prevent Pregnancy (TOPP) Under Review

A nurse-delivered intervention intended to reduce rapid repeat pregnancies and sexual risk behavior among low-income, pregnant, and postpartum adolescent females using motivational interviewing techniques with contraceptive access.

Teen Health Project Inconclusive Evidence

A community-level HIV prevention program designed for at risk adolescents.

Teen Court: Los Angeles County Insufficient Evidence

An alternative juvenile justice program intended to reduce recidivism and improve family functioning among young offenders through teen-run courts.

Teen Court- Greene County, OH Insufficient Evidence

An alternative juvenile justice program intended to reduce recidivism and improve family functioning among young offenders through teen-run courts.

Teen Court – Sarasota County Insufficient Evidence

An alternative juvenile justice program intended to reduce recidivism and improve family functioning among young offenders through teen-run courts.

Teen Court – Dona Ana County, NM Insufficient Evidence

An alternative juvenile justice program intended to reduce recidivism and improve family functioning among young offenders through teen-run courts.

Teen Court Insufficient Evidence

An alternative juvenile justice program intended to reduce recidivism and improve family functioning among young offenders through teen-run courts.

Teams, Games, Tournaments (TGT) Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based intervention designed to increase knowledge about alcohol and its consequences among students using a group-based task-and-reward structure.

Teaching-Family Model Insufficient Evidence

A group home treatment model designed to promote prosocial behavior.

Teaching Students to be Peacemakers Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based intervention designed to empower all students to regulate their behavior and resolve their interpersonal conflicts constructively, ideally leading to more peaceful interactions.

Teacher-Child Interaction Training (TCIT) Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based intervention intended to decrease disruptive behaviors among young children by enhancing relationship and behavior management skills.

Teacher and Parent Collaboration Program Insufficient Evidence

A teacher and parent-delivered intervention designed to improve reading skills among young children.

Teach Your Children Well (TYCW) Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based program designed to teach reading, spelling and mathematics to children through skills development delivered by teachers or homeschooling parents.

Targeted RECLAIM Insufficient Evidence

A community-based program designed to reduce juvenile recidivism.

Talking with TJ Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based intervention designed to promote social and emotional competence in elementary school children through a curriculum delivered by trained facilitators.

Talking Time Insufficient Evidence

A preschool-based program designed to improve the language skills of children by developing their vocabulary, comprehension and narrative abilities through games and story activities.

Talent Search Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to help youth from disadvantaged backgrounds prepare for and gain access to college by providing academic, career, and financial counseling.

Taking Charge Program Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based intervention designed to promote long-term self-sufficiency of pregnant and parenting teenagers using cognitive-behavioral therapy and skills training.

TakeCARE Insufficient Evidence

A school-based video program designed to reduce and prevent relationship and sexual violence among high school students by promoting helpful bystander behavior.

Take the Lead Insufficient Evidence

A school-wide curriculum designed to decrease bullying in middle school by targeting social competencies.

Take Charge of Your Life (New DARE) Harmful

A school-based intervention designed to prevent substance use in early adolescence through explanation of consequences and life skills instruction.

Take Action Program Inconclusive Evidence

A classroom-based program designed to reduce anxiety and depression symptoms in 5th grade children by helping them develop skills for relaxation, coping, and problem-solving.

Taiwan Illicit Drug Use Prevention Program Insufficient Evidence

A school-based education program designed to prevent substance use by integrating life skills training with lessons designed to educate students about the dangers of illicit drug, alcohol, and tobacco use.

Tailored Package for Child Obesity Inconclusive Evidence

A family counseling program designed to reduce child obesity by motivating parents to change children’s diets and activity levels.

Contact

Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
University of Colorado Boulder
Institute of Behavioral Science
UCB 483, Boulder, CO 80309

Email: blueprints@colorado.edu

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Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development is
currently funded by Arnold Ventures (formerly the Laura and John Arnold Foundation) and historically has received funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.