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Programs That Have Not Met Blueprints Criteria

More than 90 percent of interventions we review do not receive Blueprints certification. Supported through funding from Arnold Ventures, Blueprints has extended its classification system to provide an evidence rating for interventions that fail to meet Blueprints certification standards. In providing descriptive information on common problems that disqualify interventions from Blueprints certification, we hope to offer concrete ways moving forward that will improve the methods and analyses employed in future program evaluation efforts.

In addition to rating the certified interventions that meet Blueprints criteria, non-certified interventions are also now rated based on whether they are ineffective, harmful, or lack strong evidence. Interventions lacking strong supportive evidence are generally reviewed and rated internally by Blueprints staff, though the advisory board may also conclude an intervention they have reviewed lacked sufficient evidence for certification despite having made it through the internal review process. The rating for non-certified interventions is on a continuum, from having no credible evaluations to having some non-experimental evidence, to having limited experimental evidence, to having very strong experimental evidence. Individual studies are rated on the continuum and the program receives the rating of the study with the highest level of evidence. All programs in our database are provided a rating based on specific review rationale.

The interventions that have been reviewed and rated as lacking strong evidence are as follows:

1444 Programs
Program Rating Brief Description
Transitional Jobs After Prison Program Inconclusive Evidence

A comprehensive program designed to remove barriers to employment by finding transitional jobs for former prisoners, providing social skills training and job coaching, and helping them find permanent jobs.

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (aka CBT for Child Sexual Abuse) Inconclusive Evidence

A counseling program designed to reduce symptoms of posttraumatic stress in children by helping them talk about their experiences and cope with their feelings and concerns relating to their abuse and assisting parents in coping with abuse-specific distress and responding effectively to their children’s emotional and behavioral problems.

Tri-Agency Resource Gang Enforcement Team (TARGET) Insufficient Evidence

A selective incarceration program designed to reduce gang influenced criminal behavior by targeting the most active, hardcore members of gangs.

Triple P – Hassle Free Mealtimes Insufficient Evidence

A parent-training program designed to decrease problem behaviors at mealtime among children by altering parenting to promote positive behavior change.

Triple P – Positive Parenting Program Inconclusive Evidence

A parent training program designed to prevent severe behavioral, emotional and developmental problems in children from birth to age 12 by enhancing the knowledge, skills and confidence of parents.

Triple P Online Brief Insufficient Evidence

A low-intensity, self-administered online parenting program designed to enhance family protective factors and to reduce risk factors associated with severe behavioral and emotional problems in preadolescent children.

Truancy Assessment and Service Center (TASC) Inconclusive Evidence

A community-based, intensive case management program that uses a staged approach to engage elementary school-age children and their families with the overall goal of decreasing truancy.

Truancy Court: Jefferson County (Louisville, KY) Insufficient Evidence

A cooperative intervention between judges, the community, and schools designed to address the causes of truancy specific to individuals, thereby diminishing/eliminating truancy altogether.

Truant Recovery Program Insufficient Evidence

A police-delivered program designed to reduce truancy through coordination with schools and more aggressive monitoring of attendance.

True Love Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program intended to reduce dating violence in teenagers through skills instruction at both the school and individual level.

Tulsa (CAP) Head Start Program Insufficient Evidence

An early childhood education program that aims to enhance the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social and other services to enrolled children and families.

Tulsa Universal Pre-K Program Insufficient Evidence

An early education program intended to improve school readiness through high quality instruction with a focus on teacher retention and student performance.

Tuning in to Kids Inconclusive Evidence

A parent-training program intended to help children correctly identify and resolve emotional and behavioral problems by developing supportive, emotionally responsive parents.

Turkish Preschool Program Insufficient Evidence

A summer school program intended to improve the school readiness of six-year-old children from mono and multi lingual disadvantaged environments by focusing on the physical, cognitive, linguistic and social-emotional components of children’s development.

Turning Point: Rethinking Violence Insufficient Evidence

A court-ordered counseling program designed to prevent recidivism among first-time violent offenders through group therapy and family involvement.

Turtle Inconclusive Evidence

A parent and child skills training program intended to help shy preschoolers become more confident and socially active and to reduce behavioral inhibition, internalizing, and anxiety through individual and family counseling.

Tweenees Insufficient Evidence

An in-class presentation program intended to reduce child sexual abuse by enabling children to develop their self-protective knowledge, share their thoughts and feelings about abuse, and disclose their stories of harm both within and beyond classroom lessons.

Twelve-Step Group Participation Insufficient Evidence

A twelve-step program intended to encourage abstinence among alcohol addicts.

UNC Academic Summer Bridge Program (UNC SB) Insufficient Evidence

An intensive academic summer bridge program to help at-risk youth successfully transition to higher education. Goals include increased enrollment, permanence, and graduation rates in higher education settings.

UNICOR (In-prison employment practice) Insufficient Evidence

This practice uses in-prison work and vocational training to reduce post-release recidivism and increase post-release employment.

Unified Champion Schools Inconclusive Evidence

A whole-school program designed to improve the educational experience of disabled and non-disabled students through socially inclusive school activities.

Unique Minds School Program (UMSP) Insufficient Evidence

An elementary school curriculum that seeks to prevent youth behavioral problems and promote academic learning by developing a positive classroom climate and helping students with self-efficacy, problem solving, and social-emotional competence.

United States Air Force Suicide Prevention Program Insufficient Evidence

A population-oriented risk reduction program to decrease the suicide rate among Air Force personnel.

Universal School-based Mental Health Intervention Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed to lower anxiety, increase coping skills, and strengthen problem solving strategies among children aged 9 to 10.

University of Illinois Suicide Prevention Program Inconclusive Evidence

A university-based mental health program to reduce the rate of suicide among at-risk students.

University of Texas Sexual Attitudes Program Insufficient Evidence

A program that seeks to reduce sexual risk taking, HIV infection, and adolescent pregnancy by strengthening family interactions while providing relevant educational information.

Unplugged (EU-Dap) Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based program that seeks to reduce alcohol and drug use amongst junior high students.

Urban Debate League Inconclusive Evidence

An after-school debate program that aims to increase graduation rates and college readiness, improve academic skills, and raise standardized test scores among high school students. By most helping minority and at-risk students, the program also aims to reduce educational disparities.

Urban Improv Insufficient Evidence

An interactive theater-based program that seeks to reduce youth violence among at-risk inner city students by preparing them to cope with potentially violent conflict situations and explore alternative solutions.

Urban Women Against Substance Abuse (UWASA) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that seeks to reduce risk-taking behaviors by improving girls’ self-concept. The program focuses on developing participants’ understanding of gender and cultural identity and history, strengthening communication with mothers, developing culturally appropriate prevention education and group norms, and reinforcing those norms through action.

URMEL-ICE Insufficient Evidence

A year-long curriculum for second grade students that seeks to reduce obesity.

Utrecht Healthy School Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program to improve a wide range of health-related outcomes in adolescents. Target areas include nutrition, sexual health, alcohol/substance use, bullying, and sedentary behavior.

Valley Initiative for Development and Advancement (VIDA) Under Review

A career pathways program designed for low-income community college students to graduate with an associate’s degree or industry-recognized certificate in a high-demand occupation and find employment that pays a living-wage.

Valued Youth Program Insufficient Evidence

A dropout prevention program for high school students that involves engaging at-risk youth as tutors for younger students.

Values Initiative Teaching About Lifestyle (VITAL) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to prevent excess weight gain in young children by teaching about healthy eating and engaging in physical activity.

Vernetzte www.Welten Insufficient Evidence

A school-based instructional module to prevent gambling in adolescents.

VIBeS Plus Insufficient Evidence

A home visitation program to improve the cognitive, social, emotional, and motor development of children born preterm and to decrease the anxiety and depression of their caregivers.

Victim Offender Mediation Program Insufficient Evidence

A mediation program that brings victims and offenders together for face-to-face dialogue, negotiation, and problem solving with the goal of a fair system processing for both parties. The program further aims to increase the likelihood of restitution completion and reduce recidivism.

Video Cyberbullying Intervention for College Students Inconclusive Evidence

A brief video-based online intervention to reduce cyberbullying among college students.

Video Interaction Project (VIP) Inconclusive Evidence

A relationship-based, individualized parent-child intervention that is administered to families in the context of pediatric primary care and intends to enhance cognitive, language, and socioemotional development of young children.

Video Interactive Guidance (Mothers and Young Children) Inconclusive Evidence

A program where parents and their children watch and discuss short videos together with a trained guide. The goal is to improve communication and build stronger relationships.

Vienna Social Competence Training (ViSC) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that seeks to prevent adolescent bullying and aggressive behavior by increasing students’ social competence and improving their understanding of conflict.

Viewpoints Inconclusive Evidence

A juvenile corrections-based program to decrease antisocial behaviors, including aggression, by developing social and cognitive skills.

Village Model of Care for Urban African American Youth Insufficient Evidence

An after school group mentoring and community outreach program that aims to reduce substance use, prevent violent behavior, delay sexual activity, and improve social skills among middle school students. The program involves both youth and their caregivers and emphasizes remedial education and an appreciation of African American cultural heritage with the aim of promoting school bonding, social skills development, and greater academic achievement.

Violence Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents Insufficient Evidence

A school or community-based curriculum to reduce youth violence by improving adolescents’ knowledge about violence while teaching effective methods to handle conflict.

Violence Prevention Project Insufficient Evidence

A semester-long school-wide curriculum to reduce youth violence through a series of flexible age and context appropriate lessons.

Violence Unseen Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based program to raise awareness and reduce the prevalence of indirect and relational aggression in elementary school children and teachers.

Virginia Preschool Initiative Insufficient Evidence

An intiative to make preschool education and related services available for at-risk children who may not otherwise have access.

Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines Insufficient Evidence

A school-based threat assessment program aiming to prevent violence, increase the use of mental health services toward conflict resolution, increase parental involvement in resolving threats, and return students who make threats to school without long-term suspension or alternative school placement.

Virtual Infant Parenting (VIP) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed for adolescent girls with the goal of delaying pregnancy in the teenage years and improving knowledge and awareness of preconception health issues.


Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
University of Colorado Boulder
Institute of Behavioral Science
UCB 483, Boulder, CO 80309


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Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development is
currently funded by Arnold Ventures (formerly the Laura and John Arnold Foundation) and historically has received funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.