Programs That Have Not Met Blueprints Criteria
More than 90 percent of interventions we review do not receive Blueprints certification. Supported through funding from Arnold Ventures, Blueprints has extended its classification system to provide an evidence rating for interventions that fail to meet Blueprints certification standards. In providing descriptive information on common problems that disqualify interventions from Blueprints certification, we hope to offer concrete ways moving forward that will improve the methods and analyses employed in future program evaluation efforts.
In addition to rating the certified interventions that meet Blueprints criteria, non-certified interventions are also now rated based on whether they are ineffective, harmful, or lack strong evidence. Interventions lacking strong supportive evidence are generally reviewed and rated internally by Blueprints staff, though the advisory board may also conclude an intervention they have reviewed lacked sufficient evidence for certification despite having made it through the internal review process. The rating for non-certified interventions is on a continuum, from having no credible evaluations to having some non-experimental evidence, to having limited experimental evidence, to having very strong experimental evidence. Individual studies are rated on the continuum and the program receives the rating of the study with the highest level of evidence. All programs in our database are provided a rating based on specific review rationale.
The interventions that have been reviewed and rated as lacking strong evidence are as follows:
|YMCA Youth Institute||Insufficient Evidence||
An intensive, year-round, community-based program for low-income, culturally diverse, urban high school youth. Aims include promoting readiness for higher education or career entry, improving academic achievement, stimulating interest in higher education, and ensuring that participants remain engaged in their schools and communities.
|Young Adult Internship Program||Under Review||
A workforce development program intended to help young adults gain long-term, stable employment through an internship and other support services.
|Young Parenthood Program (YPP)||Inconclusive Evidence||
A community or home-based counseling program for expectant adolescent couples that is designed to improve positive parenting by supporting interpersonal skill development.
|Young People’s Development Programme||Insufficient Evidence||
A community-based, year-round teen pregnancy prevention program that offers youth development activities, sexuality education, substance misuse education, and referral to mental health and medical services including contraceptives.
|Youth Empowerment Solutions (YES)||Insufficient Evidence||
An after-school program that engages middle school students in community change projects in order to enhance positive youth development. Specific goals include increased community involvement, self-efficacy, and prosocial behavior.
|Youth Experiencing Success in School (YESS) Express||Insufficient Evidence||
A school-based program with involvement of both teachers and parents that aims to increase the social, emotional, and behavioral functioning of young students with or at risk for developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
|Youth Fit 4 Life||Inconclusive Evidence||
An after-school program with the aim of reducing and preventing childhood obesity through teaching self-regulation skills, presenting nutritional information, and participating in physical activity.
|Youth Matters||Insufficient Evidence||
A set of curricula for students in grades K-12 that use a series of age appropriate modules to reduce bullying, aggressive behavior, and victimization by emphasizing the negative consequences, improving prosocial attitudes, increasing self-efficacy, and enhancing social bonds.
|Youth Safe Haven||Insufficient Evidence||
A community-based after-school program that seeks to generate positive changes in grades, attitudes, and behaviors among low-income and disadvantaged youth by partnering police officers with civilians in advocacy, mentoring, and tutoring initiatives.
A full-time, comprehensive program aiming to help rehabilitate youth with troubled pasts by teaching them marketable skills and supporting them in completing their education. The program also seeks to reduce participants’ rates of criminal offense.
|Zero In On Prevention Student Assistance Program (ZIP-SAP)||Insufficient Evidence||
A school-based program that aims to reduce drug use and antisocial behavior among the secondary school population.
|Zippy’s Friends||Insufficient Evidence||
A school-based program designed to increase the coping repertoire of children between the ages of 6 and 8 by providing them with strategies to handle problems and emotional events.