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Programs That Have Not Met Blueprints Criteria

More than 90 percent of interventions we review do not receive Blueprints certification. Supported through funding from Arnold Ventures, Blueprints has extended its classification system to provide an evidence rating for interventions that fail to meet Blueprints certification standards. In providing descriptive information on common problems that disqualify interventions from Blueprints certification, we hope to offer concrete ways moving forward that will improve the methods and analyses employed in future program evaluation efforts.

In addition to rating the certified interventions that meet Blueprints criteria, non-certified interventions are also now rated based on whether they are ineffective, harmful, or lack strong evidence. Interventions lacking strong supportive evidence are generally reviewed and rated internally by Blueprints staff, though the advisory board may also conclude an intervention they have reviewed lacked sufficient evidence for certification despite having made it through the internal review process. The rating for non-certified interventions is on a continuum, from having no credible evaluations to having some non-experimental evidence, to having limited experimental evidence, to having very strong experimental evidence. Individual studies are rated on the continuum and the program receives the rating of the study with the highest level of evidence. All programs in our database are provided a rating based on specific review rationale.

The interventions that have been reviewed and rated as lacking strong evidence are as follows:

1433 Programs
Program Rating Brief Description
Be the Exception Inconclusive Evidence

A multimedia intervention designed to delay the onset of sexual behavior and decrease sexual risk factors among adolescents in middle school.

Becoming a Man Inconclusive Evidence

A violence prevention program that aims to reduce criminal behavior and improve school outcomes among disadvantaged male youth.

Becoming a Man (Juvenile Detention) Inconclusive Evidence

A juvenile justice program that aims to reduce recidivism among delinquent youth through treatment received while in juvenile detention.

Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) Inconclusive Evidence

An HIV prevention program designed to promote access to information and refusal skills to increase abstinence and reduce or eliminate risky sexual behaviors among African American adolescents.

Becoming Independent Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to reduce the antecedents of health risk behavior (e.g., bullying, internalizing, and externalizing) through life skills training.

Befriending Anti-Bullying Program Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based bullying prevention program that aims to develop behavioral awareness among children through a befriending model that supports their ability to offer support to the victims of bullying.

Behavior Support Program Insufficient Evidence

A school-wide behavioral support and discipline program that aims to reduce school detentions.

Behavioral Couples Therapy Inconclusive Evidence

A treatment program that aims to improve marital relationships and reduce substance abuse among men with substance-use problems.

Behavioral Training for Preschool Children Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed to reduce disruptive, shy, and withdrawn behavior and promote social-emotional competence among preschoolers.

Benzies & Batchies Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed to reduce sexual harassment among adolescents through the presentation of a play, teaching lessons, and encouraging discussion.

BEST in CLASS Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based, teacher-training intervention designed to assist children in building social and behavioral competence skills and improving success in school.

BEST MOOD Inconclusive Evidence

A family therapy program that aims to reduce depressive symptoms and promote family cohesion and healthy attachments in adolescents through family-based group therapy sessions delivered by therapists in a multi-family setting.

Bethesda Day Treatment Center: Alternative Education Program Insufficient Evidence

A school-based selective prevention program that aims to promote self-esteem and academic performance among children in alternative education programs.

Bethesda Day Treatment Center: Intensive Aftercare Insufficient Evidence

A community-based indicated prevention program designed to reintegrate troubled or delinquent youth into their communities following completion of the day treatment program or release from institutional placement.

Bethlehem Police Family Group Conferencing Project Inconclusive Evidence

A restorative justice program designed to effectively deal with young first-time offenders by diverting them from court and involving their extended families and victims in group conferencing.

Better Beginnings, Better Futures Insufficient Evidence

An initiative that funds community-based programs with three primary goals: 1) to prevent serious social, emotional, behavioral, physical, and cognitive problems in young children; 2) to promote the development of children in high risk neighborhoods; and 3) to improve the ability of socioeconomically disadvantaged families and communities to provide for their children.

Better Choices Insufficient Evidence

A skills training program that aims to: 1) provide juvenile courts with a self-sustaining educational intervention for juvenile offenders; 2) teach participants decision-making and anger-management skills in a step-by-step format; and 3) reduce recidivism rates among juvenile offenders.

Beyond Blame Insufficient Evidence

A violence prevention program that aims to improve knowledge and beliefs related to media use and reduce aggressive behavior among middle school students.

Beyond Violence Insufficient Evidence

A manualized curriculum that aims to reduce violent and aggressive behavior among female offenders by providing a secure environment for women to safely discuss histories of trauma, abuse, and addiction.

beyondblue Ineffective

A school-based program that aims to reduce depressive symptoms among students finishing high school.

Bicultural Competence Skills Program Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program designed to prevent tobacco, alcohol, and drug use among Native American adolescents by teaching social skills in a way that blends the adaptive values and roles of the Native and popular American cultures.

Big Brothers Big Sisters School-based Mentoring Program Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based mentoring program that aims to: 1) reduce antisocial behaviors; 2) improve academic performance, attitudes, behaviors, and peer and family relationships; 3) strengthen students’ self-concept; and 4) provide social and cultural enrichment.

Body Project (Middle School) Inconclusive Evidence

A dissonance-based group intervention that aims to reduce eating disorder symptoms and risk factors among female middle school students with body image concerns, thereby preventing the onset of eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating.

Body Project Online Under Review

A multi-session, online intervention designed to prevent the onset of eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating among young women with body image concerns.

Body Project Peer Under Review

A multi-session group intervention designed to prevent the onset of eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating among female high school and college students with body image concerns.

Bookstart Insufficient Evidence

A book-gifting program that aims to establish the foundations for early literacy and later learning by encouraging parents to share books with their children.

Bookstart Plus Insufficient Evidence

A book-gifting program that aims to promote reading by changing parental attitudes and encouraging parents to share and read books with their children.

Border Binge-Drinking Reduction Program Insufficient Evidence

A community-based intervention designed to reduce alcohol-related incidents and binge drinking among American teens in the San Diego-Tijuana region through public education and alliances between law enforcement and researchers.

Boston Public Schools Prekindergarten Program Under Review

To provide a prekindergarten option within a public K-12 school system with the aim of preparing children for school and to help attract families to the district who might otherwise leave or choose other options.

Boston Reentry Initiative Inconclusive Evidence

An inter-agency initiative aims to reduce recidivism among former violent felons by helping them find treatment and develop vocational skills that will enable a successful transition from corrections back to their original neighborhoods.

Bounce Back – UK Under Review

A school-based group intervention to improve emotional well-being and behavior among children with emergent mental health difficulties.

Boys and Girls Club Gang Prevention Through Targeted Outreach Insufficient Evidence

A community-based gang prevention and reduction program that aims to help at-risk youth stay out of the gang lifestyle and assist youth already involved in a gang reduce their gang-associated behaviors and values.

Boys and Girls Club Project Learn (Educational Enhancement Program) Insufficient Evidence

An after-school program that aims to improve academic performance among early adolescents living in publicly subsidized housing.

Boys and Girls Clubs of America (BGCA) Insufficient Evidence

A community-based universal prevention program that aims to reduce behavioral problems among at-risk youth by increasing their exposure to and involvement in prosocial activities, norms, and values.

Boys Town’s Common Sense Parenting Insufficient Evidence

A community-based program designed to reduce future child abuse and neglect among parents with a history of child abuse. The program also aims to reduce developmental and behavioral problems in children who are abused and neglected.

Brabant Smoking Prevention Programme Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to prevent smoking among early adolescents who are in the initial and experimental stages of tobacco use.

BrainPower Insufficient Evidence

A school-based attribution retraining program that aims to reduce aggression among at-risk children.

Break the Cycle’s Ending Violence Curriculum Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based program that aims to prevent intimate partner violence through a curriculum designed to increase awareness, education, and the likelihood that youth will seek help when experiencing such violence.

Breaking the Cycle Insufficient Evidence

A diversion program that aims to reduce drug use and recidivism among substance-involved criminal offenders while simultaneously providing relief to the regular court system.

Breaking the Silence New Mexico Insufficient Evidence

The Breaking the Silence New Mexico curriculum focuses on the education of middle and high school students about myths surrounding mental illness/suicide and the warning signs of mental illness/suicide. It also provides resources for students seeking support. The program goals include increasing student knowledge and attitudinal changes about mental illness and decreasing stigma of mental illness.

Breakthrough to Literacy (BTL) Insufficient Evidence

A language and literacy program designed to improve the school readiness and literacy of children three through six years of age. Specifically, the program aims to improve children’s alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and word recognition.

Bridge to Kindergarten plus Self-Regulation (B2K + RLPL) Insufficient Evidence

A kindergarten readiness summer program that aims to increase academic readiness skills among children who have not had previous preschool experiences.

Bridges to High School Program/Projecto Puentes a la Secundaria Inconclusive Evidence

A family-oriented program that aims to increase middle school academic engagement, strengthen family-school linkages, and prevent adolescent emotional and behavioral problems that interfere with middle and high school achievement and completion.

Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Program Inconclusive Evidence

An indicated prevention program designed to help recent trauma survivors and assault victims cope with post-assault symptoms and prevent the development of additional chronic symptoms.

Brief Curriculum to Promote Condom and Health Care Use Insufficient Evidence

A community-based intervention designed to promote positive attitudes toward health care, improve knowledge of STDs, and promote safe sexual behavior among Latino and Black men.

Brief Intervention (BI) for Truant Youth Inconclusive Evidence

A home-based alcohol prevention and treatment program that aims to promote abstinence and prevent relapse among drug- and alcohol-using adolescents through the development of adaptive beliefs and problem-solving skills.

Brief Motivational Intervention (Stepped Care) Inconclusive Evidence

An alcohol prevention program designed to reduce the frequency of drinking and alcohol-related problems among college students who do not respond to initial, low intensity treatment.

Brief Motivational Intervention vs Alcohol 101 Plus Interactive Computer Program Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based brief motivational intervention that aims to reduce drinking and related problems among college students sanctioned for alcohol violations.

Brief Parent Training (BPT) Insufficient Evidence

A home-based manualized intervention designed to promote effective and positive parenting skills to prevent the escalation of child conduct problems.

Brief Personalized Drinking Feedback: Basic Profile Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to reduce alcohol use, including peak blood alcohol concentration, the number of drinks consumed per week, heavy episodic drinking, and the number of alcohol and drug related problems among college-aged young adults.


Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
University of Colorado Boulder
Institute of Behavioral Science
UCB 483, Boulder, CO 80309


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Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development is
currently funded by Arnold Ventures (formerly the Laura and John Arnold Foundation) and historically has received funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.