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Programs That Have Not Met Blueprints Criteria

More than 90 percent of interventions we review do not receive Blueprints certification. Supported through funding from Arnold Ventures, Blueprints has extended its classification system to provide an evidence rating for interventions that fail to meet Blueprints certification standards. In providing descriptive information on common problems that disqualify interventions from Blueprints certification, we hope to offer concrete ways moving forward that will improve the methods and analyses employed in future program evaluation efforts.

In addition to rating the certified interventions that meet Blueprints criteria, non-certified interventions are also now rated based on whether they are ineffective, harmful, or lack strong evidence. Interventions lacking strong supportive evidence are generally reviewed and rated internally by Blueprints staff, though the advisory board may also conclude an intervention they have reviewed lacked sufficient evidence for certification despite having made it through the internal review process. The rating for non-certified interventions is on a continuum, from having no credible evaluations to having some non-experimental evidence, to having limited experimental evidence, to having very strong experimental evidence. Individual studies are rated on the continuum and the program receives the rating of the study with the highest level of evidence. All programs in our database are provided a rating based on specific review rationale.

The interventions that have been reviewed and rated as lacking strong evidence are as follows:

1440 Programs
Program Rating Brief Description
Aggression Replacement Training (Adult) Insufficient Evidence

A skill-based program that aims to reduce the risk of further violence and recidivism among violent offenders through the identification, development, and practice of social skills for prosocial behavior.

Aggression Replacement Training (ART) Insufficient Evidence

A skill-based program that aims to reduce rates of recidivism, enhance community function, and teach alternative prosocial behaviors through skill acquisition, anger control, and enhanced moral reasoning.

Aggressors, Victims & Bystanders Insufficient Evidence

A violence reduction program designed to change beliefs that lead to violent behavior and teach students skills to de-escalate situations that could become violent.

Aktion Glasklar Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based alcohol reduction program that aims to combat youth drinking in Germany through instruction designed to increase knowledge, attitudes, and refusal skills surrounding alcohol consumption.

Al’s Pals: Kids Making Healthy Choices Insufficient Evidence

An early childhood curriculum designed to promote pro-social skill development, self-control, positive social interactions, problem-solving, healthy-decision making, and conflict resolution among young children.

Alcohol Intervention Group (AIG) Inconclusive Evidence

A community-based program that aims to reduce the use of alcohol among adolescents through motivational interviewing techniques.

Alcohol Misuse Prevention Study Inconclusive Evidence

An alcohol prevention program designed to provide students with the social skills necessary to avoid alcohol misuse.

Alcohol Skills Training Program Inconclusive Evidence

A brief intervention that aims to reduce risky drinking behavior among college students through various techniques that target inaccurate perceptions of peer drinking patterns, challenge alcohol expectancy, and promote self-monitoring alcohol use behavior.

AlcoholEdu for College Inconclusive Evidence

An online harm reduction course that aims to prevent alcohol misuse among college freshmen.

All Children Excel (ACE) Insufficient Evidence

A multi-faceted, multi-agency intervention approach that seeks to promote the healthy development of juvenile offenders under the age of 10 who are at risk for chronic, violent offending later in life.

All Stars Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to decrease high-risk behaviors such as substance use, violence, and premature sexual activity among early adolescents.

All Stars Challenge Insufficient Evidence

A classroom-based behavior management program designed to help students understand social norms for getting along through structured weekly activities.

All4You! Inconclusive Evidence

A school- and community-based intervention that aims to reduce HIV/STI and pregnancy incidence among adolescents.

Allgemeine Lebenskompetenzen und Fertigkeiten (ALF; general life competencies and skills) Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to lower substance affinity and reduce the number of child substance abuse cases.

Alternative to Suspension for Violent Behavior Insufficient Evidence

A conflict resolution training program that aims to reduce further violence among violent adolescents and their parents through the development of social problem-solving and thinking skills.

Alternatives for Families: A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (AF-CBT) Insufficient Evidence

An indicated therapeutic approach that aims to reduce child physical abuse and family aggression and conflict. Program goals include: 1) addressing key risks for and consequences of abuse; 2) identifying other problems worth treating; and 3) monitoring processes and outcomes.

Alternatives for Youth’s Advocacy Program (AFY) Inconclusive Evidence

A civil advocacy program that aims to reduce juvenile offender placements by providing youth with legal representation. This representation aids youth in accessing disability services and defense attorney support for dispositional planning.

Alternatives to Violence Insufficient Evidence

A violence prevention program designed to reduce prison infractions among inmates by developing strategies for violence avoidance.

Amazing Alternatives! Home Program Insufficient Evidence

A primary prevention program designed to promote communication between parents and their children, improve parenting skills (such as monitoring and supervision), and reduce underage drinking.

American Indian Life Skills Development Curriculum Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based adaptive skills training program that aims to reduce behavioral and cognitive factors (e.g., depression, aggression, substance abuse) related to suicide.

Amity In-Prison Therapeutic Community Insufficient Evidence

A therapeutic community approach designed to reduce recidivism by providing in-prison structure and support for incarcerated substance abusers. Treatment extends into communities through the use of aftercare facilities.

Anasazi Foundation: The Making of a Walking Insufficient Evidence

A wilderness therapy program for adolescents 12-17 years of age with emotional, behavioral, or substance use problems.

Anchorage Coordinated Agency Network Inconclusive Evidence

An intensive oversight program that aims to supplement levels of juvenile probationer supervision by augmenting the supervision already provided by juvenile probation officers with one-to-one police officer/probation contact.

Anger and Other Emotions Management Insufficient Evidence

A cognitive-behavioral intervention that aims to reduce rates of recidivism among violent offenders by decreasing violent behavior and aggressive acts through skill-based training in pro-social behavior and emotion management.

Anger Control Training Insufficient Evidence

A group-based therapeutic approach designed to increase social-problem and self-control skills and reduce aggressive behavior among junior high students exhibiting high rates of classroom or community disruption.

Anger Coping Program Insufficient Evidence

An anger management program that aims to reduce disruptive aggressive behavior and increase self-esteem among early adolescent boys in the classroom and home settings.

Anger Management Therapy Insufficient Evidence

A brief group-based intervention that aims to reduce anger, aggression, and disruptive behavior among prisoners.

Annual Book Fairs Inconclusive Evidence

A low-involvement long-term intervention that aims to improve reading achievement among students from low-income families. The program also aims to prevent students’ reading loss by improving their access to books during the summer months.

Anti-Smoking Advertising Under Review

A systematic review of anti-smoking advertising methods and their varying effects on youth when offered in conjunction with other tobacco control strategies.

Anxiety Management Training Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based universal prevention program that aims to help adolescent boys cope with stress and anxiety.

Arrest, Reporting to the Police, and Victim Services for Intimate Partner Violence (Practice) Inconclusive Evidence

A violence prevention program designed to prevent future physical and/or sexual victimization of abuse victims through instruction on policies used by police and other victims of intimate partner violence.

Assertion Training Insufficient Evidence

A group-based assertion training approach that aims to reduce aggression among adolescents.

Assertiveness Training Inconclusive Evidence

A peer-led, group-based assertiveness training program that aims to teach assertive responses and decrease aggressive behavior among Black adolescent males.

ASSESS (Awareness, Skills, Self-efficacy/Self-esteem, and Social Support) Inconclusive Evidence

A sex education program that aims to reduce rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents by reducing the occurrence of sexual risk behaviors.

Assisted Outpatient Treatment Insufficient Evidence

An involuntary outpatient program designed to reduce the risk of violence and arrest among individuals with serious mental illnesses.

At-Risk Youth Mentoring Program Insufficient Evidence

An intensive mentoring program that aims to reduce problem behaviors among at-risk youth.

Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) Inconclusive Evidence

A home visitation program that aims to facilitate caregiver behaviors that promote the healthy development of maltreated children and their ability to regulate emotion and behavior. It also aims to enhance sensitive, nurturing care among foster parents or other caregivers at high risk for maltreating their children.

Attention Academy Inconclusive Evidence

A mindfulness training program that aims to improve elementary school children’s learning experience by improving their ability to focus and deal with stressful situations.

Auglaize County Transition Program Insufficient Evidence

An offender reentry program that aims to provide wraparound services to address the multidimensional problems faced by jail inmates upon release.

Aussie Optimism Program Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based program that aims to reduce and prevent anxiety, depression, and suicidal behavior and promote social, emotional, and cognitive skills in school-aged children (6-11 years of age).

Availability, Responsiveness, and Continuity (ARC) Inconclusive Evidence

An organizational intervention designed to improve mental health service outcomes for youth by helping community-based service settings to improve their social contexts.

Aventuras Para Ninos Inconclusive Evidence

A multi-component intervention that aims to prevent and control childhood obesity among Latinos by changing the home/family and/or school/community environments.

Avon Park Youth Academy and Street Smart (APYA/SS) Inconclusive Evidence

An intensive vocational and educational training program that aims to promote life and community living skills and provide education and job training to facilitate self-sufficiency and a pro-social lifestyle. These goals are achieved by providing “real world” work experience and training on independent living skills within a normalized environment.

B.U.I.L.D. (Broader Urban Involvement and Leadership) Insufficient Evidence

A gang prevention program consisting of four different components, including a gang prevention curriculum and after-school activities, as well as counseling in education and employment.

Backdoor Electronic Monitoring Insufficient Evidence

Aims to reduce adult recidivism through an early prison release program with electronic monitoring.

Be A Star Program Insufficient Evidence

An after-school program designed to impact risk and factors that influence drug and alcohol use in adolescents.

Be Active Eat Well (BAEW) Insufficient Evidence

A community-based program that aims to reduce the body weight of children by supporting community promotion of healthy eating and physical activity.

Be Smart – Don’t Start (also known as Smokefree Competition) Inconclusive Evidence

A school-based smoking prevention program that aims to delay or prevent the onset of smoking among adolescents.

Be smart against cancer! Insufficient Evidence

A school-based program that aims to promote awareness of cancer-related risk factors and intentions to engage in protective behavior, with the ultimate goal of participants embracing healthy behaviors later in life.

BE smokeFREE Inconclusive Evidence

A classroom-based program designed to enhance self-efficacy in coping with pressure and reduce rates of smoking among high school students.


Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
University of Colorado Boulder
Institute of Behavioral Science
UCB 483, Boulder, CO 80309


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Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development is
currently funded by Arnold Ventures (formerly the Laura and John Arnold Foundation) and historically has received funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.